Azilal rugs are made in the Azilal Region from virgin raw wool by alternating composed patterns of one single knotted line like the Beniourains and one or two woven lines like the Kelims, according to a cultural ritual that mothers are passing down to daughters for generations. The Patterns are often geometric and on top of the raw wool, colorful remnants of clothing as well as synthetic wools are used to accentuate certain designs.
Since the invention of the first simple tools, the Berber tribes and nomadic tribes of Morocco and North Africa have been producing a variety of knotted, flat-woven, and pile carpets. Although the Moroccan textile industry has ancient origins, the majority of dated carpets of the region are less than three hundred years old. Due to geography, the country’s carpets have many unique characteristics and influences.
In North Africa, the climate includes arid desert in the Sahara, snow-covered peaks in the High Atlas region, and the humid Mediterranean weather near the coast. The rugs from Morocco can be defined in broad terms as urban or tribal. However, there are many carpet subs-types produced by tribes across the country that reflect influences from Jewish artisans, who fled the rule of King Solomon in 950 B.C., Moorish Arabs who dominated Northern Africa until the 15th Century, and the nearby Ottoman Empire that became a major influence in the later Moroccan carpet design.
The Region is still fairly remote and the history of the Azilal has by no means been studied like the other Moroccan arts. It is said that even the use of color has only occurred since the early nineties with increasingly easier access to colorful wool and other fabrics to the Souks